1st Grade Science

 

 The purpose of the first grade science class is to nurture the student’s exploratory curiosity for science through projects, conducting experiments, and reading.  The students will understand about the world God created and how each organism has a purpose for existing.  Biblical principles and truths from God’s Word will be integrated throughout each lesson.   

 Curriculum -  

 Harcourt Science

 

Projects –

The Five Senses

Growing Live Plants from Seeds

Animal Habitat

Collage of Seasons

Sink or Float

Food Group Pyramid

Healthy & Unhealthy Food Chart

 

Goals and Objectives –

To identify the 5 senses and their sense organs (i.e.: taste - tongue) *

To explain how the five senses help us learn

To distinguish between living organisms and nonliving objects

To compare living organisms and nonliving objects

To identify the senses a doctor uses in his or her job

To recognize that people are living things that grow

To identify the basic parts of plants and their functions

To observe and compare plants

To identify the basic parts of a seed

To recognize that a seed grows into a plant

To identify that plants need light, air, soil, and water

To communicate observations about plant growth

To recognize that artists use science skills

To measure the growth of plants

To observe that animals need food, water, air, and a place to live to survive

To identify characteristics of living organisms that allow their basic needs to be met

To differentiate between wild and tame animals, their habitats and identify their offspring’s

To identify different ways to group animals

To recognize that animals can be sorted according to their characteristics and parts

To recognize the parts of an insect

To identify the characteristics of an insect that allows its basic needs to be met

To observe and record changes in the life cycles of mammals and birds

To compare the ways young mammals and birds depend on their parents for their basic needs

To observe and record changes in the life cycle of a butterfly

To identify the characteristics of a butterfly that allow its basic needs to be met

To observe and record changes in the life cycle of a frog

To identify characteristics of a frog that allows its basic needs to be met

To recognize that frogs go through different stages and move in certain ways

To identify symmetry

To give examples of ways animals depend on plants for their basic needs

To identify animals’ characteristics that allow their basic needs to be met

To identify plant and animal characteristics that allow them to meet their needs

To compare ways that plants depend on animals to help them meet their needs

To give examples of ways people depend on plants and animals for their basic needs

To sort plant and animal products according to whether they come from plants or animals

To identify healthful snacks and measure and mix plant products

To recognize that customs are an important part of a person’s culture

To describe how plants and animals that live in a forest find what they need to survive

To recognize that plants and animals have characteristics that help them live in a forest

To recognize that plants and animals that live in a desert find the conditions they need to survive

To give examples of the characteristics that help plants and animals live in a desert

To recognize that plants and animals that live in a rain forest find what they need to survive

To identify characteristics of plants and animals that help them live in a rain forest

To recognize that plants and animals that live in the ocean find the conditions they need to survive

To identify the features that plants and animals have that help them live in the ocean

To identify patterns on leaves

To identify what a career as a marine biologist involves

To observe and describe differences in rocks based on their characteristics

To use a hand lens to collect information about rocks and classify them

To identify examples of fossils

To describe how some fossils are formed

To observe fossil evidence of extinct animals

To compare extinct and living animals

To recognize that scientists’ study and project ancient art

To measure mass of rocks using a balance

To identify natural resources

To give examples of how natural resources are used

To recognize that Earth’s surface is surrounded by air

To conduct simple investigations to observe air and what it can do

To identify a variety of natural sources of fresh water

To observe that fresh water can be made from salt water

To recognize why it is important to take care of our natural resources

To describe ways to take care of our natural resources

To recognize that water in a puddle evaporates and understand that this is part of the water cycle

To recognize that paper is a valuable resource

To recognize that weather is the condition of the air outside

To observe and record weather changes from day to day

To use a thermometer to collect and record information about weather

To identify patterns in temperature changes related to weather

To recognize that wind is moving air

To observe changes in wind direction and speed

To recognize that clouds form when warm air meets cooler air

To recognize that rain forms from water drops in clouds

To measure and compare temperature in one place and observe how much it changes

To observe weather patterns and make up a “weather saying” about it

To observe and forecast different weather patterns (i.e.:  windy, 92°, partly cloudy) and will be introduced to cloud activity and the water cycle

To observe objects in the sky

To describe what planets are made of

To recognize that Earth’s spinning gives us day and night

To use a model to demonstrate the occurrence of day and night

To recognize that spring is the season that follows winter

To observe and record changes in weather from winter to spring

To recognize that summer is the season that follows spring

To observe and record changes in weather from spring to summer

To recognize that fall is the season that follows summer

To observe and record changes in weather from summer to fall

To recognize that winter is the season that follows fall

To observe and record changes in weather from fall to winter

To recognize how the process skill observe is used by people in art

To use a bar graph to find out about changes in rainfall

To distinguish between the 4 seasons and categorize the clothing, weather, holidays and activities conducted throughout the seasons

To recognize that everything around us is matter

To observe and describe the properties of solids

To recognize that liquid is matter that flows

To observe and describe the properties of liquids

To recognize that some objects sink and other float in water

To recognize that objects can be described in terms of their floating and sinking properties

To predict how a solid acts when mixed with water

To classify solids into those that will dissolve in water and those that will not

To recognize that gas is matter that fills and takes the shape of the container it is in

To observe and describe the properties of gases

To recognize that things can be done to solid matter to change its properties

To observe and describe the behavior of solid matter when we do things to change it

To recognize that knowledge about science is used in art

To determine how shape and weight make an object sink or float

To demonstrate how sounds are made

To observe and compare different sounds

To describe different kinds of sounds

To compare sounds

To describe the part of a musical instrument that vibrates

To compare musical instruments

To recognize that similar types of instruments are used in various cultures

To measure the distance a whisper can be heard

To recognize that a force is a push or a pull

To observe and describe what pushes and pulls can do

To recognize that objects move in different ways

To observe and describe different kinds of movement

To recognize that motion involves moving from one place to another

To recognize that the amount of a change in motion is related to the strength of the push or the pull

To recognize that a magnet is a piece of iron that attracts objects with iron in them

To observe how the magnetic force works and its different uses

To observe that a magnet has two different poles

To recognize that a magnet’s pulling force is strongest at the poles

To recognize that magnetic force can pass through some things to attract iron objects

To observe that magnetic force gets weaker as distance increases from the magnet

To recognize that a magnet can magnetize things it attracts

To compare the strength of different magnets

To recognize that different magnets have different strengths

To understand that magnets are essential tools for many travelers

To recognize how to care for their body

To categorize food into food groups (using the pyramid) and understand healthy eating patterns

To introduce  students to the eyes and ears, skeletal, digestive, circulatory, respiratory, muscular, and nervous system

To identify healthy dental habits (i.e.: seeing the dentist regularly, brushing, and flossing)

To recognize how to stay safe. (Fire, Stranger and Bike Safety)

 

Sequential Order of Lessons –

Five senses, their organs and uses

Plants: parts and requirements of plant growth

Animal life cycle and their characteristics

Animals: wild and tame, their needs and their habitats

Earth’s Land: rocks

Earth’s natural resources

Weather, the various types and necessities of different types and how to predict the weather

The four seasons, what we see, what we wear, and what we feel

Three types of matter: solid, liquid and gas

Sounds and forces

Nutrition, the food pyramid and their body

Dental health