1st Grade History

 

The purpose of first grade history is to provide an awareness of how fairness, honesty and courtesy are needed to work cooperatively with others in a community. Students will understand about how the different jobs in our cities, states and nation play a role in keeping us safe and well. Children will appreciate the diverse cultures that surround us and how this diversity enriches our lives.

Curriculum - Harcourt

Goals and Objectives - 
To explain why schools are important

To identify main ideas from visual sources

To describe the role of self as a member of the class

To express ideas orally based on knowledge and experiences

To identify main ideas from oral and print sources

To recognize details that support the main idea

To explain the need for rules in the home, school, and community

To give examples of rules that establish order, provide security, and manage conflict

To explore appropriate behavior at school

To compare rules made for different groups and situations

To follow steps for working together in a group

To use a decision-making process to identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, identify options, predict consequences, and take action to implement a decision

To identify school workers

To identify the responsibilities of authority figures in the home and school

To recognize that children depend on school workers

To describe the work role of children in school and at home

To describe location of self and objects relative to other locations in the classroom and school

To use relative location words to describe where things are

To create and use simple maps to identify the location of places in the classroom and school

To recognize the use of symbols on maps to represent real things

To create visual and written material including pictures and maps

To compare and contrast schools of long ago with schools of today

To recognize tools for learning in the classroom

To read and interpret a table

To categorize information

To compare schools around the world

To discover that people learn in places outside of school

To describe the requirements of jobs and the characteristics of a job well-performed

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources, such as pictures, television, and computer images

To explain the need for rules and laws in the community

To give examples of rules or laws that establish order, provide security, and manage conflict

To recognize that breaking rules or laws has consequences

To identify leaders of different groups

To identify the responsibilities of authority figures in the home, school, and community

To identify leaders in the community and state

To describe the roles of public officials, including mayor and governor

To locate places of significance on maps

To use simple maps to identify the location of places beyond the classroom, school, and community

To recognize their state on a United States map

To identify leaders in the nation

To describe the role of public officials, including the President

To identify George Washington as the first President of our country

To know past Presidents

To recognize the democratic process of voting

To identify how people in the United States choose their leaders

To use voting as a way of making choices and decisions

To explain selected national and state patriotic symbols

To recite and explain the meaning of a pledge of allegiance and a flag

To identify anthems and mottoes of countries and states

To explain haw symbols reflect an American love of individualism and freedom

To identify ways in which Americans show respect for and honor their country

To distinguish between fiction and nonfiction

To recognize facts in nonfiction writing

To identify characteristics of good citizenship such as a belief in equality and responsibility for the common good.

To I dentify historic figures and ordinary people who have exemplified good citizenship

To identify contributions of historical figures that have influenced the community, state, and nation

To identify historic figures who have exhibited a love of individualism

To identify some of the rights people have

To explore some of the responsibilities that accompany rights

To predict what might happen if you did not act responsibly

To identify and describe ways that communities honor people who have made a difference

To identify historical figures that have influenced the community, state, and nation

To explain how selected customs reflect an American love of inventiveness

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources, such as pictures, television, and computer images

To define a neighborhood as a place where people interact as they live, work, and play

To compare a map to an aerial view

To create and use simple maps to identify the locations of places in the community and beyond

To use a map key to identify places on a map

To access information from a map using colors and symbols in a map key

To identify and describe the physical characteristics of places such as landforms

To identify and describe the physical characteristics of places such as bodies of water

To access information from a map using colors and symbols in a map key

To create visual and written material including maps

To recognize the globe as a model of Earth

To identify the continents and oceans of the world

To locate places of significance on maps and globes

To locate places using the four cardinal directions

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources such as maps

To locate the North Pole and the South Pole

To identify examples of and uses for natural resources in the community, state, and nation

To recognize how people depend on land and water

To understand the importance of natural resources

To use a decision-making process to identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, and predict consequences

To demonstrate the concept of scarcity

To recognize that we need to protect resources for the future

To describe personal responsibility for protecting the environment

To identify and describe the physical characteristics of places such as landforms, bodies of water, natural resources, and weather

To identify and describe the human characteristics of places such as types of houses

To explain how the environment affects the types of homes people have

To recognize the importance of caring for our natural resources

To sequence and categorize information

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources, such as pictures, television, and computer images

To recognize that everyone in a group has a role

To identify roles within different groups

To describe how people in groups depend on one another

To use a problem-solving process to identify a problem

To use a problem-solving process to gather information about a problem, list and consider options for solving it, and consider advantages and disadvantages of a solution

To use a problem-solving process to choose and implement a solution and evaluate the effectiveness of the solution

To identify people’s basic needs

To describe ways that families meet basic human needs

To describe similarities and differences in ways families meet basic needs

To define Culture

To explore how people use language to communicate

To identify similarities and differences in culture

To describe various beliefs of families and explain their importance

To explain that environment affects the foods people eat

To explore how people’s food choices can reflect their culture

To recognize that people have different likes and dislikes

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources such as artifacts

To recognize that people express their culture in many ways

To explore artifacts that are part of a people’s culture

To retell stories from selected folktales and legends such as Aesop’s fables

To define scale

To demonstrate how to use a scale to measure distances on a map

To describe various beliefs, customs, and traditions of families and explain their importance

To identify celebrations from other cultures

To recognize holidays and celebrations as a way of preserving a family’s culture

To recognize that a calendar shows months of the year, days of the week, and dates

To read a calendar to identify dates

To create a calendar

To recognize that Americans have diverse backgrounds

To discuss things that all Americans share

To describe how people of different cultures share their customs and traditions

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources, such as pictures, television, and computer images

To use vocabulary related to chronology, including yesterday, today, and tomorrow

To recognize that people and places change over time

To describe seasons of the year

To explain time order on a time line

To sequence and categorize information

To create a time line

To recognize that every family has its own history

To compare families today with families long ago

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of oral sources such as conversations and interviews

To use a diagram to identify family relationships

To describe family relationships in terms of indefinite time and chronology (then/now, before/after)

To observe changes in a community

To analyze why changes take place

To explain how changes in a community affect people who live there

To distinguish among past, present, and future

To identify contributions of historical figures that have influenced the community, state, and nation

To identify the cause of certain events

To recognize the effects of certain actions

 To recognize that Native Americans were the first people in North America

To describe the voyage of Christopher Columbus

To explain how America was started

To describe the origins of selected customs, holiday, and celebrations of the community, state, and nation

To compare the observance of holidays and celebrations, past and present

To explain how selected celebrations reflect an American love of individualism and freedom

To identify contributions of historical figures that have influenced the community, state, and nation

To identify characteristics of good citizenship such as a belief in justice and truth

To describe the origins of selected customs, holidays, and celebrations of the community, state, and nation

To describe a route as a way to get from one place to another

To demonstrate how to identify and trace routes on a map

To create and use simple maps to identify the location of places in the community and beyond

To compare the similarities and differences among the lives and activities of historical figures that have influenced the community, state, and nation

To identify historic figures who have exhibited a love of inventiveness

To describe how technology has changed communication, transportation, and recreation

To describe how household tools and appliances have changed the ways families live

To identify historic figures who have exhibited a love of inventiveness

To describe how technology has changed communication, transportation, and recreation

To identify historic figures who have exhibited a love of individualism and inventiveness

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources such as pictures and artifacts

To recognize that people and places change over time

To distinguish between past and present

To describe how technology has changed the way people work

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources such as pictures, television, and artifacts

To distinguish between goods and services

To identify examples of goods and services in the home, school, and community

To identify people who provide goods and services

To describe the requirements of various jobs and the characteristics of a job well performed

To describe how specialized jobs contribute to the production of goods and services

To trace the sequence in a manufacturing process

To classify information using a picture graph

To interpret information from a picture graph

To create a picture graph

To recognize that people work to earn money

To describe how people use money to meet their needs

To compare and contrast work for pay and volunteer work

To describe how technology has changed the way people work

To compare jobs now and long ago

To recognize that some jobs disappear, while new ones become important

To identify ways people exchange goods and services

To identify the role of market in the exchange of goods and services

To recognize that people save for the future

To explain what can be learned from a bar graph

To create a bar graph

To identify examples of people wanting more than they can have

To explain why wanting more than they can have requires that people make choices

To explain how a budget helps people plan how to spend their money

To discuss scarcity

To identify examples of choices families make when buying goods and services

To describe the consequences of making an economic choice

To identify ways people exchange goods and services

To explain the importance of trade with other countries

To describe how goods are moved from place to place

To identify goods that Americans buy from and sell to people in other countries

To identify example of goods and services in the home, school, and community

To describe the requirements of various jobs and the characteristics of a job well performed

To describe how specialized jobs contribute to the production of goods and services

To obtain information about a topic using a variety of visual sources such as pictures, television, and computer images

 

Sequential Order of Lessons –

The students will learn what schools are all about, why they have rules, about the school workers, where it’s located on a map, about schools long ago and today, putting things into groups, schools around the world and what jobs are. The students will also learn about being good citizens, our rules and laws, who are our leaders, finding states on a map, our country’s presidents and how we make a choice by voting.

The students will learn about America’s symbols, fiction and nonfiction information, portraits of good citizens, their rights and responsibilities, and how communities honor their citizens.

The students will also learn about what a neighborhood is, how to use a map key, what landforms and bodies of water are, how to locate land and water in a map, recognize what globes and maps are, identify continents and oceans of the world, find directions on a globe, people and resources, saving our resources and about houses and homes around the world.

The students will study all about people having different roles: how to solve problems together, families basic needs, what is culture, similarities and differences in cultures, how to use a map scale, how people celebrate, how to use a calendar and that we are Americans.

The students will learn about the past and present time: people and places change over time, how to use a time line, trace a family history, use a diagram, and learn a community history.

The students will continue to learn the past and present time: America’s first people, our country’s history, how we celebrate the history and people who made a difference, how to follow a route on a map, how people contributed to the history of our nation, about the differences between life today and life during the pioneer days.

The students will study jobs people do: their goods and services, requirements and characteristics of a job, how to use a picture graph, why people work, how and why jobs change, about buyers and sellers, how to use a bar graph, wanting more or less, making choices when buying, and trading with others.