2nd Grade Curriculum

The Second Grade program at Dade Christian School challenges students to reach their full potential as they develop their skills in the intellectual, spiritual, physical, and social realms in a fun and loving educational environment.  Our curriculum is a thoroughly integrated, academically balanced program with a consistent Christian emphasis.  Bible, Language Arts, Phonics, Reading, Math, Science, History, Spelling, and Penmanship all represent the subject areas.  An emphasis is also placed on social interaction among the students, giving them opportunities to develop social values; respect, sharing, group acceptance, independence, and dependability.

2nd Grade Math

Second grade reinforces concepts and skills presented in First Grade as well as introduce new ones. Students will participate in activities that stimulate auditory, kinesthetic, and visual processes.  In addition to mastering math applications, children are encouraged to find creative strategies to solve for correct answers. Students will be working on the following skills:

  • Counting to 1,000 (by ones, twos, threes, fours, & fives)
  • Place value to the ten thousands
  • Ordinal numbers
  • Rounding to the nearest 10
  • Addition and Subtraction Families 1-18
  • Borrowing and Carrying to the ten thousands
  • Problem solving
  • Geometry (shapes, planes, vertexes, symmetry, & perimeter)
  • Money (counting, making change, & decimal points)
  • Roman numerals
  • Graphing
  • Calendar components
  • Telling time
  • Measurement (temperature, length, & dry/liquid units)
  • Multiplication and division facts 1-5 & 10
  • Fractional parts


2nd Grade Spelling

Students will receive spelling lessons that will help them to apply their phonics and language skills as they become skilled spellers.  Spelling skills will enable students to become good writers and help them build words, sentences and stories.  Daily oral and written reviews, activities and contests will encourage students to continue to build strong spelling skills.


Goals and ObjectivesThe students will be able to:

  • reinforce phonics rules
  • enhance handwriting skills
  • apply phonetic rules in their spelling
  • become independent spellers through sounding out words and applying phonics rules

Sequential Order of Lessons

First Nine Weeks:

  • Lessons 1-49
  • During the first few days of school, phonics and reading are the main emphasis;
  • therefore, spelling is not introduced until lesson 9, one spelling list will be
  • introduced each week
  • Emphasize ck / ke rule:  Use ck at the end of a long-vowel word
  • Emphasize e in me, o in go, y in fly, sh in ship, th in thick, th in this
  • Emphasize bl in block, cl in clock, fl in flake, gl in blue, pl in plane
  • Emphasize fr in frog, tr in train, cr in crab, pr in pray, br in bride, dr in drum,
  • gr in grin
  • Emphasize st in stop, sm in smoke, sn in snack, sl in sleep, sw in swim
  • Emphasize spl in splash, spr in sprain, scr in scream, squ in squeak, thr in three

Second Nine Weeks:

  • Lessons 50-89 / Phonics charts 10-13
  • Use of ay in pray, sc in scat, sk in skate
  • Use of ar in stars, or in morning
  • Opposites
  • Use of ou in out, ow in owl, ow in bowl
  • Use of er in verse, ur in nurse, ir in bird, wor in worms
  • Use of oo in book, oo in tooth
  • Use of igh in night, ite words
  • Use of oy in boy, oi in coin, kn in knot, all in ball, alk in walk
  • List 14 contains words related to Christmas and is for the students’ enjoyment.  Do not test this list
  • Use of ang, ing, ong, ung, ank, ink, onk, unk

Third Nine Weeks:

  • Lessons 90-134
  • Use of ed in wanted, ed in played, ed in looked
  • Use of wh in whale, wh in who, ch in church, tch in patch
  • Use of ear in earth, ear in bear, ear in ear
  • Suffixes:  y, er, est, ly, en, es
  • Use of mb in lamb, ild in child, ind in kind, old in gold
  • Use of ew in flew, ew in few, au in faucet, aw in saw
  • Use of ie in brownie, ey in key, ey in obey
  • Use of ought, ough, ph, aught, ch

Fourth Nine Weeks:

  • Lessons 135-170
  • Use of o in shovel, a in banana
  • Use of ea in leaf, ea in thread, ea in steak, eigh in eight
  • g in grant, dge in judge, c in city
  • Prefixes:  a-, al-, be-, en-, un-
  • Use of ould in could, u in push, on in country, -ful in beautiful
  • Use of wr in wrinkle, wa in wash, war in warm, or in morning, or in sailor, ar in dollar
  • Use of are in care, air in hair, ire in fire, arr in carry, err in cherry
  • Review all topics introduced

2nd Grade Reading

The purpose of reading class in second grade is to teach reading through phonetic analysis, structural analysis, sight words, context clues and dictionary skills. Students will develop an enthusiasm for reading, independence in word recognition skills, comprehension skills and build Christian character and a love for literature.

Curriculum – Harcourt

Goals and ObjectivesThe students will be able to:

  • Decode words with short vowel sounds.
  • Discriminate rhyming words.
  • Demonstrate ability to use content page.
  • Demonstrate ability to recognize titles.
  • Recall facts and details about story characters.
  • Demonstrate understanding of quotation marks.
  • Relate the story title to main idea.
  • Recall the sequence of events
  • Recognize emotional responses of characters.
  • Predict outcomes.
  • Demonstrate ability to follow directions.
  • Infer supporting details about characters.
  • Recognize the importance of obedience.
  • Infer unstated supporting details.
  • Discriminate between characters in oral reading.
  • Demonstrate good listening habits.
  • Read punctuation marks that develops sentence meaning.
  • Recognize the importance of friendships.
  • Evaluate character attitudes.
  • Identify with a story character.
  • Recognize the reality of a historical account.
  • Classify items.
  • Use varied voice inflection in response to punctuation signals.
  • Demonstrate comprehension of pictures and sentences.
  • Recognize the importance of prayer.
  • Recognize the importance of responsibility.
  • Develop awareness of sound patterns in poetry.
  • Read a poem together as choral reading.
  • Infer likeness and differences in characters.
  • Recognize the importance of cheerfulness.
  • Understand the importance of sharing.
  • Note compound words with parts that are related to meaning.
  • Demonstrate ability to use the contractions:  I’m, I’ll and I’ve.
  • Recognize that different words can have similar meanings.
  • Develop ability to contrast one word with another word with an opposite meaning.
  • Identify fanciful elements in story content.
  • Demonstrate ability to find solutions to problems.
  • Recognize how characters view problems differently.
  • Identify true and false statements.
  • Interpret pictures literally for details concerning elements of setting.
  • Draw inferences from picture interpretation.
  • Follow simple directions.
  • Recognize the elements of fable.
  • Recognize the use of ‘s in forming possessives.
  • Distinguish reality from fantasy.
  • Demonstrate ability to follow directions on a map.
  • Recognize that different words can have the same spelling.
  • Use context clues within a sentence to correctly pronounce homographs.
  • Learn meaning for specific frequently used homonyms.
  • Recognize the importance of giving one’s best to the Lord.
  • Infer the motives of characters.
  • Identify common meanings of the prefix un- and mis-.
  • Develop opinions.
  • Demonstrate ability to use contractions:  can’t, don’t and won’t
  • Find the relationship between pairs of words that form analogies.
  • Recognize abbreviations:  Dr., Mrs., Mr., St., and Ave.
  • Select a title related to the main idea.
  • Develop sentence closure.
  • Draw conclusions about situations.
  • Become acquainted with Holland.
  • Visualize a setting.
  • Classify information.
  • Determine number of syllables in a word.
  • Understand the plan of salvation.
  • Focus on the author’s use of pronouns.
  • Demonstrate ability to use contractions:  couldn’t, wouldn’t and shouldn’t
  • Relate story content to biblical principles.
  • Use contractions correctly in sentences.
  • Use alphabetization skills to locate words in glossary.

Sequential Order of Lessons

  • Individual reading inventory
  • Examine books and cover books (Reader 2-1)
  • Present guidelines for care of books:
  • Handle books with clean hands.
  • Turn-the pages carefully
  • Keep books clean and never write in them.
  • Close books gently.


Story:   The Mixed-Up Chameleon

Focus Skill – Main Idea

Story:  Get Up and Go!

Focus Skill:  Author’s Purpose

Story:  Henry and Mudge Under the Yellow Moon

Focus Skill – Narrative Elements

Story:  Days with Frog and Toad

Focus Skill- Compare and Contrast

Story: Wilson Sat Alone

Focus Skill – Narrative Elements

Story:  The Enormous Turnip

Focus Skills:  Sequencing Events

Story:  Helping Out

Focus Skill:  Main Idea

Story:   Mr. Putter and Tabby Fly the Plane

Focus Skills:  Predicting Outcomes

Story:  Hedgehog Bakes a Cake

Focus Skill:  Making Inferences

Story:  Lemonade For Sale

Focus Skill:  Compare and Contrast

Story:  Johnny Appleseed

Focus Skills:  Details

Story:  From Seed to Plant

Focus Skill:  Reading Diagrams

Story:  The Secret Life of Trees

Focus Skill:  Fact or Fiction

Story:  Watermelon Day

Focus Skill:  Sequencing Events and Summarizing

Story:  Pumpkin Fiesta

Focus Skill:  Predicting Outcomes

Story: The Day Jimmy’s Boa Ate the Wash

Focus Skill:  Cause and Effect

Story:  How I Spent My Summer Vacation

Focus Skill:  Cause and Effect

Story:  Dear Mr. Blueberry

Focus Skill:  Make Inferences

Story:  Cool Ali

Focus Skill:  Antonyms

Story: Emperor’s Egg

Focus Skill:  Fact and Fiction

Story: The Pine Park Mystery

Focus Skill:  Narrative Elements

Story: Good-bye Curtis

Focus Skill:  Compare and Contrast

Story:  Max Found Two Sticks

Focus Skill:  Multiple Meaning Words

Story:  Anthony Reynoso:  Born to Rope

Focus Skill:  Summarize/Restate

Story:  Chinatown

Focus Skill:  Details

Story:  Abuela

Focus Skill:  Make Inferences

Story:  Beginner’s World Atlas

Focus Skill: Locating Information

Story:  Dinosaurs Travel

Focus Skill:  Author’s Purpose

Story:  Montigue on the High Seas

Focus Skill:  Homophones

Story:  Ruth Law Thrills a Nation

Focus Skill:  Predicting Outcomes

Review stories read in books (Just For You)

Discuss favorite stories and highlights of reading this year

Review stories read in books (Banner Days)

Discuss favorite stories and highlights of reading this year

Collect books

2nd Grade Language

The purpose of second grade language is to give students the very best experiences in listening, speaking, reading and writing so that they will be able to think and communicate with increasing skills and confidence.

Curriculum – Harcourt

Goals and ObjectivesThe student will be able to:

  • write a sentence about a picture utilizing the writing process
  • recognize that a sentence can tell a main idea
  • identify the naming and telling part of a sentence
  • identify correct word order
  • identify kinds of sentences
  • study and publish a personal story that includes details in order about the topic
  • write stories which focus on the use of nouns and pronouns
  • publish a friendly letter
  • generate and use verbs in writing
  • use describing words to make writing clear to the reader
  • publish a paragraph that describes
  • read and respond to a story
  • publish a story
  • understand that in a “how to” paragraph the steps should be in the correct order
  • publish a “how to” paragraph


Unit I:

  • Read and respond to sentences that tell about pictures.
  • Use details in a picture to write a sentence that tells what the picture is mostly about.
  • Writing process:  prewriting, drafting, responding and revising, proof reading, publishing.
  • What is a sentence?
  • Naming part of a sentence.
  • Telling part of a sentence.
  •      1. Word order in a sentence
  •      2.  Statements
  •      3.  Question
  •      4.  Exclamations
  •      5.  Rhyming words
  •      6.  Write a personal story
  •      7.  Sequencing events
  •      8.  Grouping ideas by topics
  •      9.   Synonyms

Unit 2:

  • Write a personal story
  • Sequencing events
  • Grouping ideas by topics
  • Synonyms
  • Naming words for people and animals
  • Naming words for places and things
  • Nouns that name more than on add s
  • More nouns that name more than on add es
  • Other nouns that name more than one change spelling
  • Nouns that name special people and animals
  • Nouns that name special places
  • Days, months and holidays
  • Words that take the place of nouns
  • The pronouns I and Me
  • Compound words

Unit 3:

  • Learn parts of a friendly letter
  • Write a friendly letter
  • Action verb
  • Verbs that tell about now
  • Verbs that tell about the past
  • The verbs Is and Are
  • The verbs Was and Were

Unit 4:

  • Write a paragraph that describes
  • Describe words
  • Describing words for shape and color
  • Describing words for size and number
  • Describing words for taste, smell, feel and sound
  • Describing words for feelings
  • Describing words with er and est
  • Antonyms
  • Verbs that tell about new or the past
  • The verbs Is, Are, Was and Were
  • The verbs Has, Have and Had
  • Helping verbs

Unit 5:

  • Verbs that tell about new or the past
  • The verbs Is, Are, Was and Were
  • The verbs Has, Have and Had
  • Helping verbs
  • The verbs Come and Run
  • The verbs Go and Do
  • The verbs See and Give
  • Contractions

Unit 6:

  • Write a “How To” paragraph
  • Sequencing events
  • Sentences
  • Names, titles of people, I
  • Names of special places
  • Days of the week
  • Months of the year
  • Holidays
  • Titles of books, stories and poems
  • Friendly letter
  • Addressing an envelope

2nd Grade Phonics

The curriculum is designed with a phonetic approach to teaching reading and learning how to read.  Reading skills are developed through the mastery of all of the special phonics rules and the logical phonics system.  A natural love for reading is developed in students as they are exposed to interesting, challenging, and well written texts that are also geared toward the development of Christian character.

Curriculum – Phonics

Goals and Objectives

The students will gain knowledge of phonics by oral teaching, reviewing the phonics charts, flash cards and clue word cards.  The students will then be able to apply these rules to words which will enable them to read fluently.

Sequential Order of Lessons

  • Phonics charts 1-9
  • Short vowels, consonants, blends
  • One-vowel rule
  • Long vowels
  • Two-vowel rule
  • Use of ll, ff, er, ss, at the end of a word
  • Use of u with q
  • Use of k or c before a vowel
  • Use of ck or ke at the end of a word
  • Phonics tests begin (lesson 9)
  • Rhyming words
  • Syllables and parts of words
  • Beginning sentences with a capital letter
  • Ending sentences with a period
  • Definition of a sentence
  • Accented syllables
  • Suffix – s can say “s” or “z”
  • Root words and suffixes
  • Compound words
  • Opposites
  • Phonics charts 10-12
  • Days of the week
  • At beginning of a word, a usually says “u”
  • Word division:  between double consonants / root words and suffixes / a vowel and a consonant.
  • Month of the year
  • Word division:  between two consonants that are not alike / two vowels
  • Alphabetical order: cat, lion, rooster
  • Doubling the final consonant
  • Using ‘s to show ownership
  • Question mark
  • Contractions
  • Prefixes
  • Phonics chart 13
  • Dropping the silent e
  • Alphabetical order:  bat, bed, box, big, cot
  • Exclamation point
  • Changing y to I
  • Using guide words to find words in a glossary
  • Capitalizing word “I”
  • Using words correctly:  sit, sat, set; two, too, to
  • Capitalizing names of persons/pets
  • Using words correctly:  may, can; right write; teach, learn; blue, blew
  • Capitalizing names of holidays and special days
  • Recognizing singular and plural spellings of words
  • Abbreviations
  • Three kinds of sentences:  declarative, interrogative, exclamatory
  • Review of topics introduced all year

2nd Grade Bible

The purpose of Bible teaching is to lead children to know Christ and build Christian character.  Children will learn about Old and New Testament Bible stories and how these stories can apply to our daily lives.  Weekly Scripture memorization will allow the students to hide God’s Word in their hearts and at the same time share God’s love with others.

Curriculum – ACSI

Scripture Memory Verses:

  • Romans 3:23
  • Romans 6:23
  • James 4:6b
  • Psalms 56:3
  • Psalms 25:15
  • Psalms 119:11
  • Ephesians 6:1
  • Mark 12:30
  • Psalms 139:14a
  • Hebrews 13:6
  • Matthew 25:21
  • I Thessalonians 5:18a
  • Luke 2:11
  • Luke 2:12
  • Luke 2:7
  • Psalms 19:14
  • Proverbs 17:17a
  • Psalms 1:1-2
  • Proverbs 3:5-6
  • John 3:16
  • Mark 2:5
  • Matthew 9:36
  • Luke 24:6a
  • Hebrews 13:5b
  • Galatians 5:22

Goals and ObjectivesThe students will be able to:

  • recall details of Bible stories.
  • demonstrate knowledge and the ability to apply Biblical truths in daily living, as
  • evaluated by teacher’s observation.
  • memorize Scripture passages and interpret meaning of verses
  • recite books of the Bible in order and locate them.

Sequential Order of Lessons

  • Salvation Series
  • Heaven – A Beautiful Home
  • Adam – How Sin Began
  • The Crucifixion of Christ
  • Resurrection of Christ
  • How to Grow Spiritually

  • Moses
  • Humble
  • Courageous
  • Diligent

  • Joshua
  • Loves Gods Word
  • Obeys God
  • Follows God Wholeheartedly

  • Daniel
  • Confident in God
  • Is Faithful
  • Successful

  • Thanksgiving Story
  • Christmas Story
  • Promise of a  Saviour
  • The Birth of Jesus
  • Angels Brings the News to the Shepherds
  • Wisemen Worship the King
  • Flight to Egypt

  • Job
  • Controls His Tongue
  • Is Patient

  • Esther
  • Listens to Wise Advice
  • Unselfish

  • Elijah
  • Trust God
  • Bold

  • Life of Christ – Series 5:
  • The Triumphal Entry
  • The Last Supper
  • The Garden of Gethsemane
  • The Judgment Hall
  • The Crucifixion
  • The Resurrection
  • Emmaus and the Upper Room
  • Breakfast on the Shore with Jesus
  • The Ascension

  • Ruth
  • Loyal
  • Loving Servant

  • David
  • Faces the Giant
  • Sorry For His Sins

  • Nehemiah
  • Cooperates
  • Stands Against the Crowd

  • Miriam
  • Is Responsible
  • Praises God
  • Learns to Respect Authority

  • Abraham
  • Listens to God
  • Learns Honesty
  • Prays for Others


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